Reserve su cita para la vacuna, revise las preguntas frecuentes sobre el COVID-19, información sobre servicios y citas Más Información

Eisner Health está trabajando en estrecha colaboración con el Departamento de Salud Pública de Los Ángeles para brindarle la información más actualizada. Desplácese hacia abajo para encontrar la mayor cantidad de información posible sobre los mitos de la vacuna de el COVID-19, según las pautas de los funcionarios de salud pública.

Preguntas frecuentes (FAQ) vacunas contra el COVID-19

A continuación, se presentan las preguntas típicas sobre la vacunación contra el COVID-19 y los centros ambulatorios para la administración de la vacuna contra el COVID-19 de Eisner Health.

La vacunación es una forma segura y eficaz de prevenir enfermedades. Las vacunas salvan millones de vidas todos los años. Cuando nos vacunamos no solo nos protegemos a nosotros mismos, sino que también a las personas que nos rodean.

Cuando una persona se vacuna, es menos probable que contraiga una enfermedad o que transmita el germen a otras personas. Cuando más personas se vacunan, quedan menos personas que puedan ser infectadas por un germen, por lo que es más difícil que el germen se propague. Esto se llama inmunidad comunitaria o “inmunidad de rebaño”. La inmunidad de rebaño es importante porque protege a las personas que no pueden recibir la vacuna debido a que, por ejemplo, son demasiado jóvenes o están muy enfermas.

Las vacunas trabajan al preparar al sistema inmunológico del cuerpo para que éste reconozca y combata los gérmenes. Asimismo, reducen el riesgo de contraer una enfermedad al trabajar con las defensas naturales del cuerpo para crear una protección. Cuando se vacuna, su sistema inmunológico responde de las siguientes maneras:
  • Detecta el germen invasor, ya sea un virus o bacteria.
  • Produce anticuerpos. Los anticuerpos son proteínas producidas naturalmente por el sistema inmunológico para combatir enfermedades.
  • Recuerda la enfermedad y cómo combatirla. Si en el futuro está expuesto al germen después de haberse vacunado, su sistema inmunológico puede eliminarlo con rapidez antes de que usted se enferme.
Nuestros sistemas inmunológicos están diseñados para recodar. Una vez que nos damos una o más dosis de una vacuna, estamos protegidos contra la enfermedad por un período de tiempo. Esto es lo que hace que las vacunas sean tan efectivas. En lugar de tratar una enfermedad después de que ocurra, las vacunas pueden evitar que nos enfermemos en primer lugar.

No. Ninguna de las vacunas contra el COVID-19 que se están desarrollando en los Estados Unidos contiene el virus que causa el COVID-19. Después de recibir una vacuna, a veces las personas tienen fiebre o se sienten cansadas por un día más o menos. Estos síntomas son normales y son una señal de que el cuerpo está desarrollando inmunidad. Puede obtener más información sobre cómo funcionan las vacunas contra el COVID-19 en este sitio web del CDC.

Por lo general, el cuerpo tarda unas semanas en desarrollar inmunidad después de la vacunación. Si una persona se infectó con el virus que causa el COVID-19 justo antes o después de recibir la vacuna, es posible que aún pueda contraer el COVID-19. Esto se debe a que la vacuna no ha tenido el tiempo suficiente para brindar protección.

No. Las vacunas no harán que dé positivo en las pruebas de detección virales (como la prueba de hisopado) que busca identificar la infección actual por COVID-19. Puede dar positivo en algunas pruebas de anticuerpos. Esto se debe a que una de las formas en que funcionan las vacunas es enseñándole a su cuerpo a producir anticuerpos. Consulte la página web sobre las pruebas para obtener más información sobre las pruebas del COVID-19.

Sí, necesita la vacuna incluso si ya ha tenido el COVID-19. Aún no sabemos cuánto tiempo estará protegido después de haber tenido el COVID-19, por lo que es importante recibir la vacuna para fortalecer su inmunidad.

No. No puede recibir la vacuna si actualmente tiene el COVID-19. Si contrae el COVID-19 entre su primera y segunda vacuna, es posible que se retrase la administración de la segunda vacuna hasta que haya completado su período de aislamiento y los síntomas hayan mejorado o desaparecido. Si esto le sucede, hable con su proveedor. Una vez que sus síntomas hayan mejorado, puede recibir la vacuna.

En algunos casos, los síntomas de el COVID-19 pueden durar meses. Si es su caso, debe recibir la vacuna. No es necesario esperar a que estos síntomas a largo plazo se alivien.

No. En Eisner Health no se le cobrará una tarifa cuando reciba sus vacunas contra el COVID-19. Si cuenta con seguro, le pediremos ver su tarjeta de seguro al momento de registrarse. Las personas sin seguro médico pueden recibir vacunas contra el COVID-19 sin costo alguno. No se generan pagos de bolsillo para nadie.

Eisner Health ofrece las vacunas Pfizer, Moderna y Johnson & Johnson contra el COVID-19. Pfizer requiere dos inyecciones con tres semanas de separación y está aprobada para todas las personas de más de 12 años. Moderna requiere dos inyecciones con cuatro semanas de separación y está aprobada para todas las personas de más de 18 años. Johnson & Johnson requiere una sola inyección y está aprobada para todas las personas de más de 18 años

Cualquier persona de 12 años o más es elegible para la vacuna contra el COVID-19. Si le gustaría recibir la vacuna en Eisner Health, haga clic aquí para elegir un centro de salud y hacer su cita.

En este momento tenemos cinco lugares de vacunación. Tres ubicaciones se encuentran dentro de nuestras clínicas en DTLA Olive Street, Sherman Oaks y Lynwood. Las otras dos ubicaciones están asociadas con LAUSD (Los Angeles Unified School District) y están abiertas para toda la comunidad. Están ubicadas en Santee Educational Complex y en Panorama City High School.

Si. Si tiene un resfriado todavía debe recibir la vacuna contra el COVID-19. Si usted tiene fiebre, por favor hable primero con su doctor.

Sí. Ya sea que esté embarazada o lactando, PUEDE recibir la vacuna contra el COVID-19. Vacunarse contra el COVID-19 mientras está embarazada o lactando, es seguro, efectivo y Eisner Health lo recomienda. Para más información, haga clic aquí.

Sí. No se necesita número de Seguro Social ni estatus migratorio para recibir la vacuna contra el COVID-19. La vacuna es gratis para todos, sin importar su situación migratoria. No se considera como carga pública. Para más información, haga clic aquí.

Cuando usted recibe su primera vacuna en Eisner Health, se le pedirá que escanee el Código QR de la sala de espera para programar su segunda cita. Si usted no programa su segunda cita el día de su primera vacuna, recibirá un email o una llamada telefónica de parte de nuestro equipo de Eisner Health una o dos semanas después de su primera inyección para programar su segunda cita para la vacuna.

No necesita regresar a la misma ubicación de Eisner Health donde recibió su primera inyección.  Si Eisner Health no puede vacunarlo debido a que estamos esperado ampoyetas adicionales de vacunas, le ayudaremos a encontrar un sitio apropiado para que reciba su segunda dosis.

Después de recibir ambas vacunas, debe esperar en observación durante 15 minutos en nuestra sala de espera a fin de asegurarnos de que no tenga una reacción alérgica a la vacuna. Es muy raro tener una reacción alérgica. Si anteriormente ha presentado una reacción alérgica a una vacuna diferente, todavía puede recibir la vacuna contra el COVID-19, pero podría ampliarse el tiempo de observación. Hable con su proveedor si tiene alguna inquietud.

Sí. Si bien el CDC publicó directrices de que las personas completamente vacunadas no tienen que estar en cuarentena, aquí en el condado de Los Ángeles, los funcionarios locales han declarado que no hay suficiente evidencia para respaldar el anuncio del CDC y por lo tanto, las pautas de la cuarentena siguen en vigor. Puede encontrar más información sobre las pautas de la cuarentena aquí.

Sí. Se recomienda continuar con el uso de mascarilla, el distanciamiento social y el lavado frecuente de manos puesto que los expertos aún no saben si recibir una vacuna contra el COVID-19 evitará que se propague a otras personas el virus que causa el COVID-19, incluso si usted no se enferma. Los expertos también necesitan conocer más acerca de la protección que brindan las vacunas contra el COVID-19 en situaciones reales.

¡Sí! Es probable que los virus que causan la influenza (gripe) y el COVID-19 se propaguen este invierno. Una vacuna contra la gripe solo lo protege de la gripe, pero al menos significa que no correrá el riesgo de contraer la gripe y el COVID-19 al mismo tiempo. Esto puede evitar que tenga una enfermedad más grave. Recibir una vacuna contra la gripe ahora es más importante que nunca. Si es probable que pronto reciba la vacuna contra el COVID-19, consulte con su médico sobre cuál es el mejor momento para vacunarse contra la gripe. Esto se debe a que posiblemente las dos vacunas tengan que administrarse con varias semanas de diferencia.

Tabla comparativa de vacunas

Myths about COVID-19 Vaccines:

The Facts: These vaccines could be made fast and still be safe for three simple reasons.

  • There was a lot of research done on the kind of virus that causes COVID-19 before this virus showed up. So scientists had a big head start about the kind of vaccine that would work best to fight this virus.
  • A lot of government money was spent to get many companies to work on this vaccine and to put all of their scientists to work on it around the clock. That helped speed everything up.
  • While every step that has to be followed to make a new vaccine and be sure it is safe was followed, some of the steps were done at the same time instead of one after another. It is like cooking several parts of a meal at once instead of cooking one course at a time. You get done sooner but it’s just as good.

 

In fact, the two vaccines that have been approved to protect against COVID-19 were studied on more than 70,000 volunteers, including adults of all ages and different racial and ethnic groups, and were found to work very well and be equally safe for all.

The Facts: COVID-19 is a lethal disease. Seasonal flu can be very dangerous but it kills about one person in every thousand infected, while COVID-19 kills one out of a hundred people who are infected. No one has died from the two approved vaccines.

  • Some people wonder if that could be just because volunteers who took part in vaccine trials were not tracked for long enough for us to know if there will be deaths. It’s true that we only have 3 months of experience watching people who got these vaccines, but we do have experience with other vaccines and the vast majority of ill effects show up within hours or days. There is no basis for believing we will see something different here.

The Facts: The current vaccines don’t include the virus in any form – no live virus, no weakened virus, no dead virus. You just cannot get the disease from the vaccine.

  • Some other vaccines use the virus they are fighting in some form to charge up an immune response. The current COVID-19 vaccines do not work that way so there is no way that they could give you COVID-19.
  • It is possible to catch the disease in the first few days after your vaccination before the vaccine has a chance to work, but that would not mean you got sick from the vaccine. For most people, the vaccine needs 7 days before it starts to work. And both these vaccines require a second dose before a person is fully protected from getting sick from the virus.

It is easy to be confused about this, because you might feel some side effects for a while after getting the vaccine. In fact, about half of the volunteers who tested these vaccines experienced some side effects: most of these effects were mild and did not require any treatment or change in daily activity and lasted for 1-2 days. What they were feeling was not COVID-19, however, not even a mild case of COVID-19. They were feeling the symptoms of an immune response, which means that the vaccine was at work developing antibodies to protect them from COVID-19.

The Facts: These vaccines do use genetic material, called mRNA (that stands for “messenger” RNA) to fight the virus but it doesn’t do anything to your genes.

  • Just as its name says, mRNA works like a messenger. In this case, the mRNA used in the vaccine tells your body to make a protein that kicks your immune system into action. The mRNA lets your body get a message from the virus without having to run into the virus directly.
  • But it doesn’t affect your genes. Keep in mind that you encounter genetic material from other plants and animals all the time, when you eat them. Your body breaks them down into their basic chemicals, using the proteins and fats and carbohydrates they contain to give you energy and make your cells work.

Like the food you eat, the mRNA you get in a vaccine does have an affect on your health, but it doesn’t change your genes or your DNA.

The Facts: Not true on either count. Childhood vaccines are one of the best and safest protections against dangerous diseases that have been developed and these vaccines have been carefully tested for safety as well.

  • First about the autism scare – it was started by an English doctor who was later shown to be a fraud. The lie lived on because some celebrities bought in and ran with it. The result? Millions of dollars wasted on proving the truth over and over (for example, one study looked at every single baby born in Denmark for 8 years and showed there was absolutely no link). Even so, some scared parents still avoid vaccines and we see deadly outbreaks of diseases we could totally prevent.
  • The list of ingredients in the COVID vaccines is pretty simple – mRNA, plus some fats (called “lipids,” which is another word for fats) plus some salt and sugar to stabilize the mix. You can actually find the ingredients on the Food and Drug Administration’s COVID-19 vaccine website. Nothing you’ll see is out of the ordinary.

The Facts: The vaccine does not contain any kind of tracking device whatsoever.

  • This story seems to have spread on the Internet based on a Facebook post that said Bill Gates was planning to use a microchip to identify people who have been tested for COVID-19. In fact, Mr. Gates had commented on a research study that had nothing to do with COVID-19 and nothing to do with anything being implanted. The study was about a method to be sure who has gotten vaccinated in countries that have high death rates from vaccine preventable diseases and poor health data systems. Like the story about autism, this is a story that is hard to stop even after it has been debunked over and over.

The Facts: Getting the vaccine is totally voluntary. Doctors and public health officials are trying to provide people with good information on the safety and effectiveness of these vaccines so that they can make an informed decision when it is their turn to be offered the vaccine. No one is required to get vaccinated.

The Facts: While there are terrible examples of drug companies putting profit before safety (for example, by aggressively promoting highly addictive opioid painkillers), the process for developing these vaccines and the make-up of the products themselves has been transparent, with more information available to independent scientists than ever before.

  • The development of these vaccines has been carried out in the public eye. In fact, reviews of vaccine safety and efficacy (a term used to mean that the vaccines work) have been published for anyone to read. That means you or your doctor can read the reviews and decide whether the research seems solid and the findings are believable.
  • The people reviewing the research include medical leaders from diverse settings all over the country and observers (non-voting members) representing a wide range of medical groups, including some that have fought hard against medical racism. They have not been paid for this work – they have been involved to verify the quality of the research and to assure that equity is protected throughout the process. For a list of names of the reviewers and the places they work, visit the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) website. You can learn more about these people by looking them up online.
  • Doctors do not make extra money for giving vaccines. They are paid for a medical visit, same as any other primary care visit.

The Facts: There are certainly historical reasons for Black and Latinx communities to fear being singled out. The concern is justified because people of color and marginalized groups have, in the past, been coerced and subjugated to participating in drug trials and medical procedures without informed consent, patient protections, or ethical practices. That is not the case here, however. Black and Latinx communities have not been singled out to get the vaccine. But groups are being offered the vaccine based on the risks faced by the people in the group. So, the answer is NO to singling anyone out but YES, Black and Latinx communities could be offered the vaccines earlier than other communities where infection, hospitalization and death rates have not been as high. Consider the following:

  • The two vaccines now available were tested on diverse populations. In fact, efforts were made to assure inclusion of Black and Latinx volunteers in proportions equal to their proportion in the population just to make sure there weren’t factors that would make a vaccine less effective or less safe in either of those groups. A big effort was made to include members of those groups, to assure that they would not be victims of medical neglect, which is the other side of the coin in regard to medical racism.
  • The very top priority for getting vaccinated now that the vaccines are available are frontline workers in healthcare. This includes clinical staff such as doctors, nurses, and therapists as well as people who work in other areas like laboratories and hospital environmental services. They are prioritized because they are at higher risk of being exposed to the virus and they are critical to keeping other people alive. These same criteria are being used to decide who is next in line, as we need to prioritize vaccinating some people before others while there is limited supply of the vaccine. Once there is plenty of vaccine available, everyone who wants to get vaccinated should have easy access to the vaccine.
  • There is good reason for Black and Latinx communities to demand equal and early access to vaccination. Black and Latinx residents, along with Native Americans and Native Hawaiians, have been most likely to be infected (often as a result of poor working or living conditions), most likely to require hospitalization if infected, and most likely to die from COVID-19. They‘re also the communities that suffer most severe consequences if illness excludes them from the workforce. If you see billboards or hear advertising encouraging Black and Latinx residents of LA to opt for vaccination, it reflects these concerns. LA wants those who have been hardest hit to have the opportunity to be vaccinated as soon as possible.

The stakes for Black and Latinx residents of LA are high. Please read what you can about the vaccines from reliable sources and talk to well-informed people you trust – your doctor, a science teacher you know, a pharmacist – and ask them to respond to your questions and concerns. Your questions are important and deserve to be answered by knowledgeable and trusted individuals.

The Facts: We don’t know how long natural immunity – the immunity you get from having been sick – lasts. We also don’t know if it is complete. There have been a few well-documented cases of people being infected twice. So even if you have had COVID-19 and recovered, you will benefit from the vaccine.